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About Mongolia




MONGOLIA GENERAL INFORMATION  The more you know about the country and culture before you go, the more enjoyable and successful your trip will be whether for business or pleasure.

Facts about Mongolia

  • Official Name:
  • Mongolia
  • Area:
  • 1,565,000 square kilometers (604,800 square miles)
  • Population:
  • 2,754,685 (2010), 1.5 person per sq. km (4 persons per sq. mi)
  • Capital:
  • Ulaanbaatar (1.320.080 people live in the city, 2013)
  • Official Language:
  • Over 90% Khalkha Mongol ('Mongolian Language').
  • Major Religions:
  • 94Buddhist and over 4% Shamanism. Also Christians and Muslim
  • Literacy:
  • Very high, in excess of 92.9%
  • Ethnic groups:
  • 85% Mongol, mostly Khalkha Mongol.
  • Prominent Features:
  • Gobi desert, grasslands, salt and fresh water lakes
  • Highest Peak:
  • Tavan Bogd Uul, 4374 m
  • Mountain Ranges:
  • Altai, Khangai, Hentii
  • Political system:
  • Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years.
  • Voting Qualification:
  • All citizens above 18 years of age
  • Political Divisions:
  • 21 provinces and 1 autonomous municipality, Ulaanbaatar
  • Major Cities:
  • Ulaanbaatar (1,240,037), Darhan (94,625), Erdenet (90,700)
  • Chief Manufactured & Mined Products:
  • Food products, textiles, chemicals, leather, construction materials, fluorspar, copper, molybdenum, gold
  • Chief Agricultural Products:
  • Crops - wheat, potatoes, vegetables; Livestock - sheep, goats, cattle, horses, camels

Mongolia Geography and Nature facts

Mongolia is a land-locked country in the North-East Asia bordering China with 4.673 km in the south and Russian Federation with 3485 km in the north. The total territory of the country is 1.566 million square kilometers making approximately 1 square kilometers per 1.6 persons and 18th largest country in the world. The territory of Mongolia is larger than territories of Great Britain, Germany France & Italy together.

Mongolia encompasses a wide range of terrain, with mountains, grassy steppes, and vast flat desert. Most of the north and west of the country is mountainous or hilly grasslands; the Gobi Desert takes up most of the south and the east. The country is land-locked, and although there are lakes and streams in certain areas, the combination of the terrain and low water supply means that a very small percent of the land is arable.

Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.

Mongolia has 136 mammal species, almost 400 different types of birds and 76 species of fish.

Quick Facts for Visitors  

Duty-Free Items
The following goods may be imported into Mongolia without incurring customs duty: 
200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco; 1l of vodka and 2l of wine and 3l of beer; personal effects; goods up to a value of US$1000. 
Prohibited items Mongolia; paleontological and archaeological findings without special permission; collections of various plants and their seeds; birds and wild or domestic animals; wool, raw skins, hides and furs without permission from the appropriate authorities.

Tugrik (MNT). The denominations of the banknotes are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5,000, 10,000 and 20,000 Tugrik.

USD rate:  USD 1 =  MNT 1980, rated inApril 2015.

Local Time in Ulaanbaatar is GMT +8 hours. The three western provinces are one hour behind the capital. Mongolia observes daylight savings time in the summer months.

In Mongolia, the current is 220V/50Hz. Electrical sockets take European-style two round pin plugs.

Bank Opening Hours

The normal banking hours are 9 am - 1pm and 2- 5pm although there are variations.

Credit Cards
You can use VISA, MasterCard and American Express cards in Ulaanbaatar at hotels, all airline offices, in some super markets and most travel agencies. ATM machines are available in many hotels, supermarkets and main streets.

Store Hours
Most large stores and shops are open 10 am – 8 pm, daily.

Best Buys
Cashmere products, leather, jewelry, traditional clothes,

Useful Telephone Numbers
Police 102, Ambulance 103, Fire 101

Four mobile phone operators, Mobicom, SkyTel, Unitel and G-Mobiles provide mobile phone networks. GSM 900 network is operated by MobiCom and available throughout the country. In every province center GSM mobile phone service is available so you can keep in touch with your home while you are in Mongolia if you bring your GSM.

Internet & Email
Ulaanbaatar has dozens of Internet cafés where you can surf the Web and access email accounts. Many province centers have Internet access at their Post Offices. Email is easily the most reliable, cheapest and quickest way of communicating with outside world.

News & Current Affairs
BBC World Service (FM 103.1 MHz) and VOA (FM 106.6 MHz) radio broadcasts are available on FM in Ulaanbaatar. CNN, BBC World, DW-tv, NHK broadcasts are provided by the most cable operators and available in most hotels.

Main entry points: 
Chinggis Khaan (airport in Ulaanbaatar), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)

Public Holidays:
December 31- January 1 - New Year 3 days in January/February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), June 1 - Mother and Child day, July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam)

Visa arrangements
Every foreign citizen traveling to Mongolia must be in possession of a passport valid at least for 6 months from date of entry into Mongolia. Most foreign citizens need a Mongolian visa to enter the country. Thirty-day tourist visas can be obtained at the Mongolian Diplomatic Missions abroad. For all information related to consular matters (e.g.: visas, etc.), please contact in person by telephone or e-mail the nearest diplomatic or consular mission of Mongolia.  More Visa Information  

Vaccinations against yellow fever (Hepatitis), polio, cholera, typhoid fever are advised. Travellers should bring their own medical supplies for any personal needs and a basic medical kit. You should think that there is no perfect medical care in the countryside.  While the potential dangers can seem quite frightening, in reality few travelers to Mongolia experience anything more than an upset stomach.

There are no special dress codes, though you should avoid wearing revealing clothes in the countryside, even on hot summer days. In Ulaanbaatar on the other hand, Mongolian women dress in contemporary Western style fashions, so you may dress quite freely whilst there. 
Warm clothes will be needed for any time of the year: even summer evenings can be chilly. If you are only traveling in the height of summer you don't need a down jacket - a rain shell will do. A long-sleeved shirt is useful against the sun and bugs.

Published: 2017-06-27 14:36:30